The European Court of Auditors is examining the exceptional measures the EU has taken to counteract the dairy market disturbances between 2014 and 2017. The auditors are assessing whether these measures, which cost some €740 million from the EU budget, were properly designed and adequately mitigated the effects of the disturbances. The auditors will also check whether the European Commission and the Member States are now better prepared for future dairy market disturbances.
Milk production is the EU's top agricultural sector by value (€58 billion in 2018) and currently accounts for around 14 % of agricultural output. To prevent dairy prices from decreasing to unsustainable levels, measures – known as the “safety net” – are in place to temporarily remove some surpluses from the market. These involve the public and private purchase and storage of butter and skimmed milk powder.
In 2014-2015, EU milk producer prices dropped by some 10 cents per litre to around 30 cents. The Commission considered the milk sector to be confronted with market disturbance due to a worldwide supply-demand imbalance, in which the Russian ban on the import of agricultural products and foodstuffs originating in the EU played a role. As a result, it took exceptional measures to supplement the “safety net”. These measures were intended to provide temporary exceptional aid to those livestock farmers and milk producers most affected by the disturbances. Member States could top up the EU funding from their national budgets.
“Milk producers were hit by a significant drop in their revenues,” said Nikolaos Milionis, the ECA Member leading the audit. “We will analyse whether the EU budget was well spent to help them overcome the crisis and whether the Commission is prepared for future market disturbances.”