This review focuses on the EU’s role and actions
to tackle the challenges to e-waste management.
EU Member States, on average, collect and
recover more e-waste than most third countries.
Collectively, the EU has met its past e-waste
collection and recovery targets, and subsequently
set itself more challenging ones. Nevertheless,
challenges remain. Our review highlights
the challenges in implementing existing
e-waste treatment requirements; dealing with
mismanagement of e-waste, illegal shipments and
other criminal activities; and further increasing
e-waste collection, recycling and reuse.