In this audit, we assessed whether the EU-funded support action for Greece
and Italy had achieved its objectives and whether the asylum and return
procedures were effective and swift. We also assessed whether the temporary
emergency relocation schemes had achieved their targets and objective. We
conclude that there are disparities between the objectives of the EU support
and the results achieved. The emergency relocation schemes did not reach
their targets. Even though the capacity of the Greek and Italian authorities has
increased, the implementation of the asylum procedures continues to be
affected by long processing times and bottlenecks. As in the rest of the EU,
returns from Greece and Italy are low for the reasons identified in this report.
ECA special report pursuant to Article 287(4), second subparagraph, TFEU.
Special report No 24/2019: Asylum, relocation and return of migrants: Time to step up action to address disparities between objectives and results