Review N° 03/2021: Financial contributions from non-EU countries to the EU and Member States

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This review examines the financial contributions from non-EU countries to the EU and its Member States.

Contributions to the EU allow non-EU countries to participate in EU programmes and activities. They are split among nearly 30 programmes. In addition, the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) states provide funds directly to several EU Member States, as part of the overall arrangements between the EFTA states and the EU governing the access of these countries to the EU’s internal market.

We highlight some key challenges, one of which concerns the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU and its impact on the contributions paid by non-EU countries. Another challenge for the EU will be to leverage the benefits of the internal market to the financial contributions in future negotiations with EFTA states.