On Wednesday 13 November 2019, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) will publish a special report on EU support to migration management in Greece and Italy – asylum, relocation and return of migrants.
The auditors examined whether the EU-funded support for Greece and Italy achieved its objectives, the relocation schemes reached their targets, and the asylum and return procedures were effective and swift. They carried out visits to the Greek and Italian authorities and hotspots, international organisations and NGOs, as well as checking the support provided by the EU office for asylum support (EASO) and coast guard agency (Frontex).
The report is expected to call for action to address disparities between objectives and results. The auditors are expected to make a number of recommendations to the European Commission, EASO and Frontex.
The EU has seen unprecedented levels of migration in recent years, which peaked in 2015 and led to increased asylum applications particularly in Greece and Italy. To address the crisis, the EU set up hotspots, introduced temporary relocation schemes and increased its funding. The ECA previously published a special report on the migration hotspots in Greece and Italy in 2017.
The ECA’s special reports set out the results of its audits of EU policies and programmes or management topics related to specific budgetary areas. The ECA selects and designs these audit tasks to be of maximum impact by considering the risks to performance or compliance, the level of income or spending involved, forthcoming developments and political and public interest.